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What does Religion have to do with human Geography?

What is Religion?

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Before we can understand the differences between universalizing and also ethnic religions, us must an initial have a discussion on the an interpretation of faith itself. You might not have actually sat down and also thought about religion together a pure concept, however religion is a an important part of person culture, and also it helps us celebrate and understand our place in the world. Religious beliefs is a common collection of beliefs and practices v which human being seek harmony through the strength of the universe. It is additionally a communal means to relate a belief that centers on a system of thought, unseen being, person, or object that is believed to be supernatural, sacred, or divine. Religious beliefs can affect how we interact with other people and also our environment, i beg your pardon then forms the development of a people’s social landscape.

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Theistic facets of Religion

Universalizing Religions

First, let’s look in ~ the meaning of universalizing religion. Universalizing faiths offer id systems that room attractive come the global population. Castle look for brand-new members and welcome anyone and everyone that wishes to embrace their belief system. Universalizing religions have plenty of diverse members, who come from various ethnic backgrounds, therefore the hatchet universal. Therefore, that is obvious that universal religious beliefs consist of numerous different ethnic groups due to the fact that they convert and also accept everyone of any kind of background and also are generally not carefully tied come one location.

Christianity

Christianity is the largest universalizing religion, both in area and in number, with about two billion adherents. Established on the teachings the Jesus, Christianity is monotheistic, believing the God is a Trinity and also Jesus Christ is the son of God. The three key branches that Christianity room Catholics, Orthodox, and also Protestants. Roman Catholics room predominate in Southwest Europe and also Latin America, Protestants in Northwest Europe and North America, and Orthodox in east Europe. East Orthodoxy is the biggest single religious faith in Greece, Cyprus, and also Russia.

Islam

Islam is the 2nd largest universalizing religion with end 1.5 billion adherents. In Arabic, Islam way “submitting to the will of God”. Those who practice Islam space Muslims, which method one who surrenders come God. Islam starts with Abraham favor Christianity and Judaism, yet traces their story v Abraham’s 2nd wife and also son, Hagar and also Ishmael, not Sarah and also Isaac prefer the Christians and also Jews. Your leader and prophet is Muhammad. The two branches the Islam room Sunni and also Shiite. The department between the Sunni and also Shia originated in a disagreement over leadership after Muhammad’s fatality in 632 CE. Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle east from north Africa to main Asia. An ext than half of the world’s Muslims live in four nations outside the middle East: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and also India.

Buddhism

Buddhism is the 4th largest religion, with around 350 million adherents. Buddhism was started in northern India through the very first known Buddha, Siddhartha Gautama. The core Buddhist belief is reincarnation. In this concept, world are reborn after ~ dying. One can attain Nirvana if one releases your attachment to desire and also self. Today, Buddhism is a majority faith in south-east Asia, China, and Japan.

Ethnic Religions

In comparison to universalizing religions, ethnic religious beliefs usually consists beliefs, superstitions, and rituals handed down from generation come generation within an ethnicity and culture. It adheres to one’s ethnicity because the religion does not tend to convert. In part ways, ethnic faiths act prefer a people culture. It increases via relocation diffusion and often boosts through birth rates. Ethnic religions relate closely to culture, ethnic heritage, and to the physical geography of a specific place. Ethnic religions carry out not attempt to very nice to all people, yet only one group, probably in one locale or in ~ one ethnicity. Judaism and also Hinduism are two prime instances of country religions.

Hinduism

Hinduism is the largest ethnic religion and the world’s 3rd largest religion with about 1 billion adherents. Hinduism existed prior to recorded background and had no details founder. The beginnings of Hinduism in India room unclear; however, the earliest manuscripts date to 1500 BCE. Hinduism is composed of many different spiritual groups evolved in India since 1500 BCE. Other religions are an ext centrally arranged than Hinduism, and also it is up to the individual to decide the best way to worship God. The principle of reincarnation is the cornerstone the Hinduism, and their doctrine closely mirrors India’s caste system. Nearly all Hindus live in one country, India, but likewise are in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and also Nepal.

Judaism

Judaism is an ethnic faith that has an ext than 14 million followers worldwide. There space 6 million Jews in Israel and also 5 million in the joined States. 2 of the key universalizing religions, Christianity and also Islam, find some of your roots in Judaism, recognizing Abraham together a Patriarch. Jews believe in one true God, and the Western wall surface of the old holy place in Jerusalem is among their most divine sites. The 3 branches that Judaism room Orthodox, Conservatives, and also Reformed. Judaism is distributed throughout component of the middle East and also North Africa, the unified States, Russia, and Europe.

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Image Source: Wikimedia Commons

Religious Diffusion

How did all religions acquire to whereby they room today? religious beliefs spread over time through a procedure called diffusion. The map shown over indicates whereby the established religions are most prominent. There room two methods of diffusion: expansion and also relocation. In development diffusion, beliefs of a faith transmit by straight contact between believers and nonbelievers. This contact reasons the variety of believers to rise over time one of two people by straight contact in between believers and nonbelievers (contagious diffusion) or by conversion of nonbelievers by missionaries (hierarchical diffusion). Relocation diffusion happens once a group of believers moves to a brand-new location, whereby they then spread the teachings that a religious beliefs that are frequently not yet widely known or exercised in the region. Therefore let’s look at just how universalizing and ethnic religions have spread across the globe.

Diffusion that Universalizing Religions

The optimal three universalizing religions spread with expansion and also relocation diffusion. Each has a hearth in Asia: Christianity in Israel, Islam in Saudi Arabia, and Buddhism in India. A hearth is an area wherein a set of social traits and concepts develop. Pendant of each faith migrated, preaching the message of the faiths to people far beyond the hearth. Christianity spread out through relocation diffusion by missionaries and also hierarchical diffusion once the Roman empire made Christianity its official religion. Christianity became the leading religion in North and also South America due to the fact that of the beforehand explorers and also colonizers from Europe were Christians. Islam spread mainly through contagious diffusion by military conquest into north Africa and Western Europe and through Arab traders travel to Indonesia. Buddhism spread mostly through relocation diffusion through missionaries and also was sluggish to diffuse outside the area that origin.

Diffusion of country Religions

By its definition, ethnic religious beliefs are uncovered near the hearth yet spread through relocation diffusion. Unequal universalizing religions, ethnic religious beliefs haven’t spread out primarily since of the lack of missionaries. In some cases, universalizing religions, like Christianity and also Islam, change ethnic religions. Judaism diffused through the scattering that Jews around the people after the Roman destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD.

Conclusion

When religions job-related to expand their member by converting others to their id systems, they are termed

ethnicuniversalizinganimistseculartribal

Answer: B

Universalizing religions, such as Christianity, Buddhism, and Islam, all seek to convert brand-new believers to your religions and are thereby worldwide (or universal) in their spread.

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