Due to their high concentration the vitamin C and antioxidant properties, cranberries have come to be an almost daily clip for some, not just relegated come their annual use on Thanksgiving. This popular may have you wondering about picking your very own cranberries. So just how are cranberries harvested anyway?

How come Harvest Cranberries

Commercially get an impressive cranberries are well-known as the American cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) or occasionally referred to as lowbush. They room actually woody, perennial vines that can stretch the end runners to 6 feet (2 m.). Once spring arrives, the vines send out upright sprouts native the runners, i beg your pardon then develop flowers complied with by cranberries in the fall.

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These commercially grown lowbush arrays of cranberry space grown in bogs, a marsh ecosystem consist of of sphagnum moss, acidic water, peat deposits, and also a mat-like substance on the water’s surface. The bog is layered with alternate strata of sand, peat, gravel, and clay and is a specific environment that cranberries are well suited to. In fact, some cranberry bogs are more than 150 years old!

All really interesting, yet not really getting us to exactly how farmers harvest cranberries or when to choose cranberries.

When to pick Cranberries

In the early spring, the cranberry runners start to flower. The flower is then pollinated and begins to develop into a small, waxy, eco-friendly berry which continues to mature transparent the summer.

At the end of September, the berries have actually ripened enough and also harvesting cranberries begins. There room two methods of harvesting cranberries: dried harvesting and also wet harvesting.

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How space Cranberries Harvested?

Most commercial farmers usage the wet harvest technique because the reaps the most berries. Wet harvest gets around 99 percent that the crop while dry harvesting only gets around one-third. Wet harvest berries have to be warm processed and made right into juice or sauce. So how does wet harvest work?

Cranberries float; they have pockets of waiting inside, so submarine bogs facilitate the removal of the fruit from the vine. Water reels or “egg-beaters” line the bog water up, which agitates the berries from the vines bring about them to float as much as the surface ar of the water. Climate plastic or lumber “booms” ring up the berries. They space then lifted to a truck via a conveyor or pump to be taken away for cleaning and processing. Much more than 90 percent of every commercial cranberries room harvested in this manner.

Picking cranberries utilizing the dry an approach yields less fruit, but that of the highest possible quality. Dry harvested cranberries room sold entirety as new fruit. Mechanical pickers, much like large lawnmowers, have metal this for plucking cranberries from the vine which space then deposited into burlap sacks. Helicopters then deliver the picked berries come trucks. A bounce board separator is offered to distinguish the fresh berries from those the are previous their prime. The firmest, freshest berries bounce better than old or damaged fruit.

Before machines were created to aid in harvesting cranberries, 400-600 farm workers were required to hand choose the berries. Today, only around 12 come 15 civilization are necessary to harvest the bogs. So, if you growing and also picking your very own cranberries, either flood them (which might be impractical) or dry pick them.

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To perform this, make certain it’s dried outside. Good berries because that picking should be firm to the touch and also a red to dark crimson color. ~ harvesting, you can shot the “bounce test” against a flat surface come ensure your ripe cranberries room nice and springy.