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You are watching: Which of the following best describes the industrial revolution?

What to be the commercial Revolution?

The Industrial change was a period of significant industrialization and innovation during the so late 1700s and also early 1800s. The Industrial change began in an excellent Britain and also quickly spread throughout the world.

The American Industrial change commonly described as the 2nd Industrial Revolution, started sometime between 1820 and 1870. This period saw the mechanization of agriculture and textile manufacturing and a revolution in power, including steamships and also railroads, that impacted social, cultural, and economic conditions.

The very first industrial change began in an excellent Britain in the 1700s and 1800s and was a time of far-reaching innovation.The American Industrial change commonly referred to as the 2nd Industrial Revolution, began sometime in between 1820 and also 1870.Both industrial Revolutions led to inventions that contained the telephone, the vapor engine, the sewing machine, the X-ray, the lightbulb, and the combustible engine.Working for businesses throughout the Industrial change paid better wages than farming work.The boost in the variety of factories and also migration to the cities caused pollution, deplorable working and also living conditions, and child labor.

knowledge the Industrial transformation

Although the Industrial transformation occurred around 200 year ago, the is a duration that left a profound impact on how civilization lived and the way businesses operated. Arguably, the factory systems occurred during the Industrial change are responsible for producing capitalism and the modern cities the today.

Before the revolution, many Americans made their living farming and lived in prevalent rural communities. With the advance of factories, people began working for companies located in urban locations for the very first time. Frequently the salaries were low, and also conditions were harsh. However, functioning for businesses paid a better living than farming.

Production performance improved throughout the Industrial transformation with inventions such together the vapor engine. The steam engine dramatically lessened the time it took to manufacture products. An ext efficient manufacturing subsequently diminished prices for products, primarily as result of lower job costs, opening the marketing doors come a new level of customers.

The joined States federal government helped enterprise by setting up tariffs—taxes on international goods—so that products like stole made by U.S. Service providers were cheaper than foreign imports. Cheaper steel prices urged the development of facilities such together railroads and bridges during the American industrial Revolution.

advantages and defect of the Industrial revolution


The Industrial revolution created boost in employed staff opportunities. Salaries at factories were higher than what people were making as farmers. Together factories ended up being widespread, extr managers and employees were forced to operate them, enhancing the supply of jobs and also overall wages.

Since many of the factories and large companies were situated near the cities, populations migrated to urban locations searching for jobs, frequently overwhelming the available housing supply. This led to far-ranging improvements in city planning.

Increased innovation additionally led to higher levels of an ideas and education, causing several groundbreaking creations still supplied today. This inventions encompass the sewing machine, X-ray, lightbulb, calculator, and also anesthesia.

Due come the commercial Revolution"s advancements, the nation saw the very first combustible engine, incandescent irradiate bulb, and modern-day assembly line used in manufacturing. The Industrial transformation changed how human being worked, the technologies accessible to them, and often wherein they lived. The made life comfortable for many though living problems for workers remained abhorrent, which ultimately fueled the increase of job unions that led to boosted working conditions and also fair wages.


Although there to be numerous advancements during the industrial Revolution, rapid development caused plenty of issues. As employees left their farms to job-related in factory for greater wages, it caused a shortage that food being produced.

The sharp increase in the number of factories led to rise in urban pollution. Contamination wasn't contained only in the factories; as civilization flocked to the cities, the living conditions became deplorable together the urban resources were overwhelmed.

Sewage flowed in the highways in part cities when manufacturers dumped waste indigenous factories into rivers. Water gives were not tested and also protected as they are today. Together a result, regulations, and laws were enacted to defend the population.

The commercial Revolution detailed an incentive to boost profits, and as a result, working problems in factory deteriorated. Long hours, poor remuneration, and minimal breaks came to be the norm. Boy labor to be a far-ranging issue. Health and wellness issues arose for countless of the manufacturing facility workers providing rise come the labor motion throughout the U.S.


Advancements in production

Growth in innovations and inventions

Workers earned higher wages

Improvements in transportation networks


Deplorable functioning conditions and child labor

Unsanitary life conditions and pollution

Food shortages

Real-World instances

The first cotton mill was built after Samuel Slater carried Britain's manufacturing technology to the unified States. The mill was powered by water happen jobs and commerce to the Northeast. In the adhering to years, plenty of factories and also mills were developed using the exact same technologies. 

The Industrial revolution was mostly driven by the usage of coal as an power source. Prior to the usage of coal, timber was the primary power source; coal detailed three times more energy 보다 wood, and Britain had big coal deposits.

In 1869, the first transcontinental railroad to be completed and was a major accomplishment because that the U.S. Because it enabled the transport of goods, people, and also raw materials nationwide.

Also, during the American industrial Revolution, Samuel Morse produced the telegraph, i beg your pardon sent electrical signals over a wire permitting the country to communicate. Andrew Carnegie constructed the an initial steel mills in the U.S. If Alexander Graham Bell created the telephone.

Industrial change FAQs

how Is the Industrial change Best Defined?

The Industrial change shifted native an agrarian economic situation to a manufacturing economy where assets were no much longer made exclusively by hand but by machines. This led to increased production and also efficiency, lower prices, more goods, boosted wages, and migration indigenous rural locations to urban areas.

What to be the Industrial revolution (Short Answer)?

The an initial Industrial revolution began in great Britain in the mid-to-late 1700s, when creation led to goods being created in huge quantities early to an equipment manufacturing. This spread around the globe, and also the 2nd Industrial revolution began in the U.S. In the late 1800s that witnessed further breakthroughs in modern technology that led to better efficiency.

when Did the Industrial revolution Start?

The very first Industrial revolution began in the second fifty percent of the 18th century if the second Industrial revolution began in the late 19th century.

What 3 points Played a duty in the industrial Revolution?

Technological changes, such together the use of iron and also steel, and new energy resources such together coal and steam, and also the factory system, which caused a division of labor and specialization, which boosted efficiency.

What to be the 3 Most vital Inventions of the commercial Revolution?

The 3 most important inventions that the an initial Industrial change include the vapor engine, the spinning jenny, and the telegraph. The three most important inventions that the second Industrial change include the combustible engine, electricity, and also the lightbulb.

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