facet 16 of regular table is Sulfur v atomic number 16, atomic load 32.065. Sulfur, symbol S, has a Face centered Orthorhombic structure and also Yellow color. Sulfur is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Sulfur is chalcogens*. Know everything about Sulfur Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


Sulfur or sulphur (see assignment differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and also atomic number 16. That is one abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under typical conditions, sulfur atoms type cyclic octatomic molecules v chemical formula S8.

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Sulfur Facts

Read key information and facts around element Sulfur

surname Sulfur
atom Number 16
atomic Symbol S
Atomic weight 32.065
phase Solid
shade Yellow
Classification other nonmetal
group in regular Table 16
Group Name oxygen family members
duration in regular Table 3
Block in periodic Table p-block
Electronic Configuration 3s2 3p4
Melting point 115.21 °C
Boiling point 444.72 °C
Electronic shell Structure <2, 8, 6>
CAS Number CAS7704-34-9

How to find Sulfur on periodic Table

Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is very same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left to right. Periodic table beginning at height left ( atom number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look for atomic number 16 to find Sulfur on regular table.

Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is through using team number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Sulfur on periodic table look for cross ar of group 16 and period 3 in the modern periodic table.

explore Interactive periodic Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends

Table the Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbital Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Sulfur with other elements

Sulfur History

The element Sulfur was discovered by ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown location . Sulfur derived its surname from the Latin indigenous sulphur, "fire and also brimstone"

Sulfur Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.

Ppb by load (1ppb =10^-7 %)
variety in world 0.0005
abundance in sunlight 0.0004
variety in Meteorites 0.04
Abundance in Earth"s crust 0.00042
abundance in oceans 0.00093
diversity in human beings 0.002

Crystal structure of Sulfur

The hard state framework of Sulfur is Face centered Orthorhombic.

The crystal structure deserve to be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in 3 dimensional room to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
1043.7 1284.5 2436.9 pm

and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 π/2

The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the ide of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.

room Group surname Fddd
room Group Number 70
Crystal framework Face focused Orthorhombic

Sulfur Atomic and Orbital Properties

Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and also the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 6> with Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.

atomic Number 16
Number of electrons (with no charge) 16
Number the Protons 16
Mass Number 32
Number the Neutrons 16
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 6>
Electron configuration 3s2 3p4
Valence Electrons 3s2 3p4
Oxidation State -2;-1 1;2;3;4;5;6
Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2

Shell structure of Sulfur - electron per power level


Ground State digital Configuration the Sulfur - neutral Sulfur atom

The soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Sulfur atom is 3s2 3p4. The portion of Sulfur configuration the is equivalent to the noble gas of the preceding period, is abbreviated together . For atoms with many electrons, this notation deserve to become an extensive and so an abbreviation notation is used.This is important as that is the Valence electrons 3s2 3p4, electron in the outermost covering that recognize the chemistry properties that the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Sulfur

Complete soil state digital configuration for the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4

Atomic structure of Sulfur

Sulfur atom radius is 88 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 102 pm.

atom Radius

88 pm (0.88 Å)

Atomic Volume 16.3596938776 cm3
Covalent Radius 102 pm (1.02 Å)
van der Waals Radius 180 pm
neutron Cross section 0.52 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum of Sulfur


Sulfur chemistry Properties: Sulfur Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol

Valence 6
Electronegativity 2.58
ElectronAffinity 200 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Sulfur

Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Sulfur

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 999.6
2 2252
3 3357
4 4556
5 7004.3
6 8495.8
7 27107
8 31719
9 36621
10 43177

Sulfur physical Properties

Refer to below table for Sulfur physics Properties

density 1.96 g/cm3
Molar Volume 16.3596938776 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus N/A
Shear Modulus N/A
bulk Modulus 7.7 GPa
Poisson proportion N/A

Hardness the Sulfur - exam to measure up of Hardness the Element

Mohs Hardness 2 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness N/A

Sulfur electric Properties

Sulfur is Insulator of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties the Sulfur

electric Conductivity 1×10-15 S/m
Resistivity 1×1015 m Ω
Superconducting suggest N/A

Sulfur Heat and Conduction Properties

heat Conductivity 0.205 W/(m K)
Thermal growth N/A

Sulfur Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie suggest N/A
mass Magnetic Susceptibility -6.2×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.99×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.22e-05

Optical nature of Sulfur

Refractive index 1.001111

Acoustic properties of Sulfur

speed of Sound N/A

Sulfur heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

Refer come table listed below for thermal properties of Sulfur

Melting allude 388.36 K (115.21 °C)
Boiling suggest 717.87 K (444.72 °C)
critical Temperature 1314 K
Superconducting point N/A

Enthalpies that Sulfur

heat of blend 1.73 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 9.8 kJ/mol
warm of burning "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)

Sulfur isotope - atom Properties of Sulfur

Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally arising Sulfur has 4 steady isotope - 32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.

Isotope Isotope mass % abundance T half Decay setting
32S 94.93% steady N/A
33S 0.76% steady N/A
34S 4.29% secure N/A
36S 0.02% secure N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7704-34-9
RTECS Number RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
period Hazard course N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
dot Numbers "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
EU Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Fire Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA risks N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
NFPA health and wellness Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NFPA Reactivity Rating N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
Autoignition allude N/A
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

perform of distinct identifiers to find the element in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database identifier number
CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7704-34-9
CID Number CID5362487, CID5460602, CID139340, CID139602, CID66348, CID66348
Gmelin Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
NSC Number N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A
RTECS Number RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A

Compare Sulfur v all Group 16 elements

Sulfur vs Oxygen Sulfur vs Selenium Sulfur vs Tellurium Sulfur vs Polonium Sulfur vs Livermorium

Compare Sulfur through all other nonmetal elements

Sulfur vs Hydrogen Sulfur vs Carbon Sulfur vs Nitrogen Sulfur vs Oxygen Sulfur vs Phosphorus Sulfur vs Selenium