facet 16 of regular table is Sulfur v atomic number 16, atomic load 32.065. Sulfur, symbol S, has a Face centered Orthorhombic structure and also Yellow color. Sulfur is a various other nonmetal element. Trivial name of Sulfur is chalcogens*. Know everything about Sulfur Facts, physical Properties, chemistry Properties, digital configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.
Sulfur or sulphur (see assignment differences) is a chemical element with symbol S and also atomic number 16. That is one abundant, multivalent non-metal. Under typical conditions, sulfur atoms type cyclic octatomic molecules v chemical formula S8.
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Read key information and facts around element Sulfur
|group in regular Table||16|
|Group Name||oxygen family members|
|duration in regular Table||3|
|Block in periodic Table||p-block|
|Melting point||115.21 °C|
|Boiling point||444.72 °C|
|Electronic shell Structure||<2, 8, 6>|
How to find Sulfur on periodic Table
Periodic table is i ordered it by atom number, number of protons in the nucleus i m sorry is very same as number of electrons. The atom number boosts from left to right. Periodic table beginning at height left ( atom number 1) and also ends in ~ bottom right (atomic number 118). Thus you can directly look for atomic number 16 to find Sulfur on regular table.
Another way to read periodic table and locate an element is through using team number (column) and duration number (row). To situate Sulfur on periodic table look for cross ar of group 16 and period 3 in the modern periodic table.
explore Interactive periodic Table to Understand and Learn Cool trends
Table the Contents
Atomic & orbital Properties
Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines
Compare Sulfur with other elements
The element Sulfur was discovered by ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown location . Sulfur derived its surname from the Latin indigenous sulphur, "fire and also brimstone"
Sulfur Presence: diversity in Nature and Around Us
The table below shows the abundance of Sulfur in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and Human Body.
|variety in world||0.0005|
|abundance in sunlight||0.0004|
|variety in Meteorites||0.04|
|Abundance in Earth"s crust||0.00042|
|abundance in oceans||0.00093|
|diversity in human beings||0.002|
Crystal structure of Sulfur
The hard state framework of Sulfur is Face centered Orthorhombic.
The crystal structure deserve to be described in terms of its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in 3 dimensional room to kind the structure.
Unit cell Parameters
The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which space the lengths the the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)
and the angles in between them Lattice angles (alpha, beta and also gamma).
The positions of the atoms inside the unit cell are defined by the set of atom positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.
The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the ide of room groups. All feasible symmetric arrangements of particles in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 space groups (219 distinctive types, or 230 if chiral duplicates are considered distinct.
|room Group surname||Fddd|| |
|room Group Number||70|
|Crystal framework||Face focused Orthorhombic|
Sulfur Atomic and Orbital Properties
Sulfur atoms have 16 electrons and also the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 6> with Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 3P2.
|Number of electrons (with no charge)||16|
|Number the Protons||16|
|Number the Neutrons||16|
|Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)||<2, 8, 6>|
|Valence Electrons||3s2 3p4|
|Oxidation State||-2;-1 1;2;3;4;5;6|
|Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers)||3P2|
Shell structure of Sulfur - electron per power level
Ground State digital Configuration the Sulfur - neutral Sulfur atomThe soil state electronic configuration that Neutral Sulfur atom is
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Unabbreviated digital configuration the neutral Sulfur
Complete soil state digital configuration for the Sulfur atom, Unabbreviated digital configuration
1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p4
Atomic structure of Sulfur
Sulfur atom radius is 88 pm, while it"s covalent radius is 102 pm.
|atom Radius|| |
88 pm (0.88 Å)
|Atomic Volume||16.3596938776 cm3|
|Covalent Radius||102 pm (1.02 Å)|
|van der Waals Radius||180 pm|
|neutron Cross section||0.52 σa/barns|
Atomic Spectrum of Sulfur
Sulfur chemistry Properties: Sulfur Ionization Energies and electron affinity
The electron affinity the Sulfur is 200 kJ/mol
Ionization power of Sulfur
Refer come table listed below for Ionization energies of Sulfur
Sulfur physical Properties
Refer to below table for Sulfur physics Properties
|Molar Volume||16.3596938776 cm3|
|bulk Modulus||7.7 GPa|
Hardness the Sulfur - exam to measure up of Hardness the Element
|Mohs Hardness||2 MPa|
Sulfur electric Properties
Sulfur is Insulator of electricity. Describe table listed below for the electrical properties the Sulfur
|electric Conductivity||1×10-15 S/m|
|Resistivity||1×1015 m Ω|
Sulfur Heat and Conduction Properties
|heat Conductivity||0.205 W/(m K)|
Sulfur Magnetic Properties
|mass Magnetic Susceptibility||-6.2×10-9|
|Molar Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.99×10-10|
|Volume Magnetic Susceptibility||-1.22e-05|
Optical nature of Sulfur
Acoustic properties of Sulfur
|speed of Sound||N/A|
Sulfur heat Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics
Refer come table listed below for thermal properties of Sulfur
|Melting allude||388.36 K (115.21 °C)|
|Boiling suggest||717.87 K (444.72 °C)|
|critical Temperature||1314 K|
Enthalpies that Sulfur
|heat of blend||1.73 kJ/mol|
|warm of Vaporization||9.8 kJ/mol|
|warm of burning||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A" J/(kg K)|
Sulfur isotope - atom Properties of Sulfur
Isotopes the rhodium. Naturally arising Sulfur has 4 steady isotope - 32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.
Regulatory and Health - Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
|RTECS Number||RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|period Hazard course||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|dot Numbers||"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"|
|EU Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Fire Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA risks||N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A|
|NFPA health and wellness Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NFPA Reactivity Rating||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
perform of distinct identifiers to find the element in assorted chemical it is registered databases
|CAS Number - chemistry Abstracts organization (CAS)||CAS7704-34-9|
|CID Number||CID5362487, CID5460602, CID139340, CID139602, CID66348, CID66348|
|Gmelin Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|NSC Number||N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|
|RTECS Number||RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A|