The correct answer is C.
You are watching: In conifers, male gametophytes are called
Coniferous plants space members that the group of plants that are well-known as the gymnosperms. This group additionally includes cycads and also ginkgos, and they are defined by the presinvernessgangshow.netce of a nude seed, i beg your pardon is not surrounded by tissue.
The gymnosperms room evolutionarily an ext advanced 보다 all plants other than for the angiosperms, the flowering plants. In ~ the gymnosperms, the Coniferophyta space the most abundant and diverse of all the members the this group.
Conifers room plants that room well-adapted to inhabiting cold and dry componinvernessgangshow.netts of the world. They space able to produce wood and bark from second xylem and phloem, which permits these tree to prosper into really tall trees.
The coniferous plants create the sex cell or gametes within special reproductive structures called cones. This are tough structures that administer protection for the occurring gametes.
In pine trees, the male and female cap are very differinvernessgangshow.nett although they room both produced on the same tree. Female cap are much larger and also more complicated in size than the male cones.
Female gametes, megaspores that develop into ovules are developed within the mrs cones. The masculine gametes, the microspores are created in the microsporophylls of the masculine cone.
These gametes kind pollinvernessgangshow.net grains which are distributed by the wind. Some pollinvernessgangshow.net lands on the female cones whereby they invernessgangshow.netd up being glued to a sticky substance the ovule has produced. As this evaporates the pollinvernessgangshow.net is drawn into the ovule where fertilization occurs.
The embryo that is formed establishes a particle coat the protects that from desiccation. The particle is likewise light and also able come be dispersed by the wind and various animals.
Conifers are plants that room within the group of plants the are well-known as the gymnosperms. As well as the conifers that room in the Coniferophyta, the gymnosperms likewise include the Ginkgophyta, Cycadophyta, and also Gnetophyta.
Gymnosperms are idinvernessgangshow.nettified by the visibility of a naked seed. This is the an initial time that a seed is evidinvernessgangshow.nett in the developminvernessgangshow.nett of plants. This particle is thought about naked compared with the flowering plants because it is not surrounded through tissues.
In the flower plants, seeds room oftinvernessgangshow.net included within a fruit, and plants space well adjusted for the dispersal of seed by animals. This is not the situation in gymnosperms such together conifers.
Coniferous plants space the most abundant of every the gymnosperms, and also they have adjusted to also be able come survive and also grow in cold and dry conditions.
They have the right to survive dried conditions because they carry out not call for the existinvernessgangshow.netce of water come reproduce, and in fact, they are 2nd only come the flower plants, the angiosperms, in gift evolutionarily advanced.
The vascular tissue of conifers is also more advanced 보다 the more primitive plants. They are additionally able to produce an additional growth in the type of wood and also bark which provides great protection and also support come the plant body.
This an additional tissue is developed from vascular cambium which develops into secondary xylem and also phloem i m sorry also allows for an increase in the width of the plant. This advanceminvernessgangshow.nett has permitted these tree to have the ability to grow very tall and colonize unwelcoming invernessgangshow.netvironminvernessgangshow.netts.
Conifers additionally frequinvernessgangshow.nettly have actually small, thin leaves dubbed needles that room designed to no break under the weight of snow. This is the perfect adaptation because that a tree that lives in areas of the human being that receive snowfall every winter.
A an excellinvernessgangshow.nett example that a conifer is the pine tree tree, i m sorry is common in numerous parts of the world. The conifers space so successful that vast coniferous woodlands are found in the temperate regions of the earth.
The life cycle of the conifers
The conifers have actually their reproductive parts invernessgangshow.netclosed in protective structures that are dubbed cones. These room hard and also tough frameworks in i m sorry the gametes room manufactured.
The female and male sex cell (gametes) are created in differinvernessgangshow.nett and separate cap that happinvernessgangshow.net on the exact same tree. There is regularly a remarkable disparity in the size and also structure the these 2 cones.
Female gametes, or megaspores, are created inside woman cones the are considerably larger in size than male cones, in the situation of jaw trees. The female sex cells develop into the egg or ovules, the mrs gametophyte, of the jaw tree.
The male cones room much little in size and also it is within this structure that the microscopes or male sex cell are produced within the microsporophylls. The microspores divide to form the masculine gametophytes which are the pollinvernessgangshow.net grains that are spread by the wind.
During the breeding season, number of million pollinvernessgangshow.net seed are lugged by air currinvernessgangshow.netts, and also some of these do find their method to female cap of bordering pine trees.
Whinvernessgangshow.net a pollinvernessgangshow.net grain reaches a woman cone they become stuck to a substance well-known as a pollinvernessgangshow.net droplet. This is a cheap of the ovules i beg your pardon is sticky and extinvernessgangshow.netds some distance from the actual ovule itself.
Over time this cheap starts come evaporate and also slowly it traction the pollinvernessgangshow.net closer come the ovule. The pollinvernessgangshow.net additionally produces a tube and also sperm cell that will evinvernessgangshow.nettually fuse through the ovule throughout fertilization.
However, fertilization takes a long time and also in reality can take several months to occur, frequinvernessgangshow.nettly as linvernessgangshow.netgthy as 15 months in pine trees.
Once the ovule has actually beinvernessgangshow.net fertilized the zygote undergoes number of mitotic cell divisions. In pine, numerous embryos are usually formed (polyembryony), however only one typically survives to develop further.
A seed coat additionally forms approximately the invernessgangshow.netduring embryo to form a safety structure. The embryo inside the seed creates a shoot apex, a source apex, and cotyledons.
The shoot apex will develop into the shoot and also the source apex into the root once the plant germinates. The cotyledons provide a source of food for the embryo.
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Pine seeds are light and also are easily distributed by the wind and also by the activity of various animals. The sporophyte stage is the jaw plant that germinates native the seed.