Fungal pond infections are common infections that the fingernails or toenails that can cause the nail to become discolored, thick, and an ext likely come crack and break. Infections are an ext common in toenails 보다 fingernails. 1 The technical name for a fungal pond infection is “onychomycosis.”

SymptomsNails v a fungal infection space often:

Discolored (yellow, brown, or white)ThickFragile or cracked

A fungal pond infection usually isn’t painful uneven it becomes severe.

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Some human being who have actually fungal toenail infections likewise have a fungal skin epidemic on the foot, especially in between the toe (commonly called “athlete’s foot”).

How go someone obtain a fungal nail infection?

Fungal pond infections deserve to be resulted in by plenty of different types of fungi (yeasts or molds) that live in the environment. Small cracks in your pond or the bordering skin can enable these virus to go into your nail and cause an infection.

Who it s okay fungal pond infections?

Anyone can obtain a fungal pond infection. Some human being may be much more likely 보다 others to gain a fungal pond infection, consisting of older adults and people who have the adhering to conditions: 2,3

A pond injury or pond surgeryDiabetesA weakened immune systemBlood circulation problemsAthlete’s foot (ringworm on the foot)PreventionKeep her hands and also feet clean and dry.Clip her fingernails and toenails short and also keep them clean.Don’t go barefoot in locations like locker rooms or public showers.Don’t share pond clippers with other people.Diagnosis

Your healthcare provider might diagnose a fungal pond infection by looking at the impacted nail and also asking questions about your symptoms. The or she may also take a nail snipping to look in ~ under a microscope or send to a activities for a fungal culture.


Fungal nail infections deserve to be complicated to cure, and also they generally don’t walk away there is no antifungal treatment. The finest treatment because that a fungal nail infection is normally prescription antifungal pills take away by mouth. In serious cases, a doctor might remove the nail completely. It have the right to take numerous months to a year for the epidemic to go away.

Information for health care Professionals

Onychomycosis have the right to be classified into several subtypes based on the beginning of the infection within the nail plate, the infecting organism, or the appearance of the nail. 4,5

Distal or lateral subungual onychomycosis: The many common kind of onychomycosis. Yellowish, brownish, or whitish discoloration begins under the distal sheet or political parties of the nail and also spreads end the entire nail plate. The huge toenail is most often affected, yet all nails room susceptible.Proximal subungual onychomycosis: infection originates indigenous the proximal pond fold and spreads distally. T. Rubrum is the main causative agent in the joined States.Superficial onychomycosis: Fungi attack the superficial layers of the nail plate and spread deeper into the nail plate together the epidemic progresses. Lesions are frequently white and are most often caused by T. Mentagrophytes.Endonyx onychomycosis: nail bed is not affiliated in the infection; just the inner of the nail plate is infected.Totally dystrophic onychomycosis: Often a sign of end-stage distal or proximal subungual onychomycosis. Nail bed is thickened and raised with copious keratotic debris.

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Yeast onychomycosis: Affects fingernails much more commonly than toenails, and also is regularly caused by Candida. May be a authorize of underlying immunodeficiency.