3.4 Rules of the Road

Rules of the Road are governed by the Collision Regulations. They spell out which vessel is the Stand-On Vessel and which vessel is the Give-Way Vessel.

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They additionally describe actions to take for crossing, meeting and also overtaking instances.

Every pleasure watercraft operator that should give-way to an additional vessel, that implies the operator who has to move, have to take "early on and substantial action to prevent a collision."

The stand-on vessel must "maintain course and also speed."

Danger (Give-Way) Zone


The green sector on your boat, that sector characterized by your green sidelight, is your Danger Zone or your Give-Way Zone.

This exhas a tendency from the centreline on your bow (dead ahead) to 22.5º abaft the starboard beam, or 112.5º from the bow, alengthy your starboard side.

When one more skipper sees your green light, he has the best of means...green for go. When you have a boat in your green sector, you have to take beforehand and also comprehensive action to avoid collision.


Tbelow are several exceptions to this ascendancy.

The operator of a pleasure craft of less than 20m in size, or a pleacertain cruising craft, shall not impede the passage of vessels which have the right to navigate safely just within a narrow channel.

This mostly refers to big ships or commercial vessels making method in a narrow channel where they have actually no room to manoeuvre. Ships may remind you of this dominion by offering 5 short blasts of its horn.

Ships might remind you of this dominion by giving 5 short blasts of its horn.

The operator of a pleacertain craft much less than 20m in size or a pleasure cruising craft, shall not impede the safe passage of a power driven vessel following a web traffic lane.The operator of a power pushed craft shall take early and also substantial action to avoid any kind of vessel involved in fishing, or any type of sailing vessels.The operator of a pleacertain sailing craft shall take early on and considerable activity to stop any type of vessel engaged in fishing.

Sound Signals & Rules For Overtaking & Crossing

Every pleasure craft of much less than 12m shall carry an effective sound signalling device. It is supplied in overtaking and crossing situations and in durations of decreased visibility.


The Stand-On Vessel maintains course and also rate. The Give-Way Vessel need to take early on and substantial activity to protect against the Stand-On Vessel.

In the diagram over Vessel 1 is the overtaking or, Give-Way Vessel. It have the right to overtake Vessel 2, on either side.

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They will sound the complying with signals:

I desire to pass on your starboard side: One Quick BlastProceed: One Brief BlastI desire to pass on your Port Side: Two Quick BlastsProceed: Two Quick Blasts

If either vessel operator is not clear about the intentions of the other vessel operator in any instance, the operator need to sound five brief blasts.