You are watching: Nitric acid and ammonia net ionic equation
$~ceNH_3 + HNO_3 -> ?$
I thought that the acid $ceHNO3$ would certainly just provide its hydrogen to $ceNH3$ and make the resulting reaction:
$$ceNH_3 + HNO_3 -> HNH_3 + NO_3$$
However the exactly answer is $ceNH_3 + HNO_3 -> NH_4NO_3$. Why is this?
Your answer is an extremely close to the price given, other than for the following two tidbits (the very first being much more significant).
An acid-base reaction is no the exchange that a hydrogen atom $ceH$. The is the exchange that a hydrogen ion (or proton) $ceH+$. Hence your answer need to be: $$ceNH3(aq) +HNO3(aq) -> NH4+(aq) + NO3-(aq)$$
The provided answer combine the two ions created into a single compound. $$ceNH4+(aq) + NO3-(aq) ->NH4NO3(aq)$$
The an outcome of #2 would certainly be reasonable if you had actually not been told the the reaction was occurring in aqueous solution. In aqueous solution, the commodities should have been those the #1, since ammonium nitrate is freely soluble in water.
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$$ceNH3(aq) + HNO3(aq) -> NH4NO3(aq)$$
Net ionic equation:
$$ceNH3(aq) + H^+(aq)-> NH4^+(aq)$$
Note: $ceNH4NO3$ is not solid in aqueous solution. The is fairly soluble.
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