**Tip: **Try utilizing the new XLOOKUP and also XMATCH functions, enhanced versions of the attributes explained in this write-up. These new functions occupational in any type of direction and also return precise matches by default, making them easier and also even more convenient to use than their predecessors.

You are watching: Optional arguments are always placed first in the argument list.

Suppose that you have a list of office location numbers, and also you have to understand which employees are in each office. The spreadsheet is expensive, so you can think it is complex task. It"s actually rather basic to perform through a lookup feature.

The VLOOKUP and also HLOOKUP functions, in addition to INDEX and also MATCH, are some of the a lot of valuable functions in Excel.

Here"s an example of how to use VLOOKUP.

**=VLOOKUP(B2,C2:E7,3,TRUE)**

In this example, B2 is the initially argument—an element of data that the attribute demands to job-related. For VLOOKUP, this initially discussion is the worth that you desire to discover. This argument have the right to be a cell recommendation, or a solved value such as "smith" or 21,000. The second discussion is the variety of cells, C2-:E7, in which to search for the worth you want to discover. The 3rd dispute is the column in that selection of cells that has the worth that you seek.

The fourth argument is optional. Go into either TRUE or FALSE. If you enter TRUE, or leave the debate blank, the function retransforms an approximate complement of the worth you specify in the initially discussion. If you enter FALSE, the attribute will complement the value carry out by the first debate. In various other words, leaving the fourth discussion blank—or entering TRUE—gives you even more adaptability.

This instance mirrors you how the attribute functions. When you enter a value in cell B2 (the first argument), VLOOKUP searcs the cells in the selection C2:E7 (2nd argument) and returns the closest approximate enhance from the third column in the variety, column E (third argument).

The fourth dispute is empty, so the feature returns an approximate enhance. If it didn"t, you"d need to enter among the values in columns C or D to acquire a result at all.

When you"re comfortable via VLOOKUP, the HLOOKUP attribute is equally straightforward to usage. You enter the exact same disagreements, however it searches in rows rather of columns.

## Using INDEX and also MATCH instead of VLOOKUP

Tbelow are specific restrictions through using VLOOKUP—the VLOOKUP function deserve to just look up a value from left to appropriate. This indicates that the column containing the value you look up must always be situated to the left of the column containing the rerevolve worth. Now if your spreadsheet isn"t constructed this means, then do not use VLOOKUP. Use the combicountry of INDEX and MATCH attributes rather.

This example mirrors a small list wright here the worth we want to search on, Chicback, isn"t in the lefta lot of column. So, we can not usage VLOOKUP. Instead, we"ll use the MATCH function to discover Chicago in the array B1:B11. It"s found in row 4. Then, INDEX supplies that value as the lookup debate, and also finds the population for Chicago in the fourth column (column D). The formula used is presented in cell A14.

For even more examples of utilizing INDEX and also MATCH rather of VLOOKUP, see the write-up https://www.mrexcel.com/excel-tips/excel-vlookup-index-match/ by Bill Jelen, invernessgangshow.net MVP.

## Give it a try

If you desire to experiment with lookup functions prior to you try them out through your very own information, here"s some sample data.

### VLOOKUP Example at work

Copy the adhering to data into a blank spreadsheet.

**Tip: **Before you paste the data into Excel, set the column widths for columns A with C to 250 pixels, and click **Wrap Text** (**Home** tab, **Alignment** group).

| | |

0.457 | 3.55 | 500 |

0.525 | 3.25 | 400 |

0.606 | 2.93 | 300 |

0.675 | 2.75 | 250 |

0.746 | 2.57 | 200 |

0.835 | 2.38 | 150 |

0.946 | 2.17 | 100 |

1.09 | 1.95 | 50 |

1.29 | 1.71 | 0 |

| | |

=VLOOKUP(1,A2:C10,2) | Using an approximate enhance, searcs for the value 1 in column A, finds the biggest worth much less than or equal to 1 in column A which is 0.946, and also then retransforms the value from column B in the exact same row. | 2.17 |

=VLOOKUP(1,A2:C10,3,TRUE) | Using an approximate match, searcs for the worth 1 in column A, finds the biggest value less than or equal to 1 in column A, which is 0.946, and then returns the value from column C in the exact same row. | 100 |

=VLOOKUP(0.7,A2:C10,3,FALSE) | Using a precise enhance, searcs for the worth 0.7 in column A. Due to the fact that there is no exact complement in column A, an error is reverted. | #N/A |

=VLOOKUP(0.1,A2:C10,2,TRUE) | Using an approximate complement, searches for the worth 0.1 in column A. Due to the fact that 0.1 is less than the smallest worth in column A, an error is went back. | #N/A |

=VLOOKUP(2,A2:C10,2,TRUE) | Using an approximate enhance, searches for the value 2 in column A, finds the biggest worth less than or equal to 2 in column A, which is 1.29, and also then retransforms the worth from column B in the same row. | 1.71 |

### HLOOKUP Example

Copy all the cells in this table and paste it into cell A1 on a blank worksheet in Excel.

**Tip: **Before you paste the information right into Excel, set the column widths for columns A through C to 250 pixels, and click **Wrap Text** (**Home** tab, **Alignment** group).

| | |

4 | 4 | 9 |

5 | 7 | 10 |

6 | 8 | 11 |

| | |

=HLOOKUP("Axles", A1:C4, 2, TRUE) | Looks up "Axles" in row 1, and also retransforms the worth from row 2 that"s in the very same column (column A). | 4 |

=HLOOKUP("Bearings", A1:C4, 3, FALSE) | Looks up "Bearings" in row 1, and retransforms the value from row 3 that"s in the very same column (column B). | 7 |

=HLOOKUP("B", A1:C4, 3, TRUE) | Looks up "B" in row 1, and also retransforms the worth from row 3 that"s in the very same column. Due to the fact that a specific enhance for "B" is not uncovered, the biggest worth in row 1 that is much less than "B" is used: "Axles," in column A. | 5 |

=HLOOKUP("Bolts", A1:C4, 4) | Looks up "Bolts" in row 1, and retransforms the value from row 4 that"s in the very same column (column C). | 11 |

=HLOOKUP(3, 1,2,3;"a","b","c";"d","e","f", 2, TRUE) | Looks up the number 3 in the three-row selection consistent, and returns the value from row 2 in the very same (in this instance, third) column. There are 3 rows of values in the selection constant, each row separated by a semicolon (;). Since "c" is uncovered in row 2 and also in the same column as 3, "c" is reverted. | c |

### INDEX and MATCH Examples

This last instance employs the INDEX and also MATCH attributes together to rerevolve the earliest invoice number and its corresponding day for each of 5 cities. Due to the fact that the date is changed as a number, we usage the TEXT feature to format it as a day. The INDEX feature actually offers the result of the MATCH attribute as its argument. The combination of the INDEX and also MATCH functions are used twice in each formula – initially, to rerevolve the invoice number, and also then to rerotate the day.

Copy all the cells in this table and paste it into cell A1 on a blank worksheet in Excel.

See more: How Many Slices In Loaf Of Bread ? How Many Slices Of Bread Are In A Loaf

**Tip: **Before you paste the information into Excel, collection the column widths for columns A via D to 250 pixels, and click **Wrap Text** (**Home** tab, **Alignment** group).

| | | |

3115 | Atlanta | ="Atlanta = "&INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Atlanta",$B$2:$B$33,0),1)& ", Invoice date: " & TEXT(INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Atlanta",$B$2:$B$33,0),3),"m/d/yy") | |

3137 | Atlanta | ="Austin = "&INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Austin",$B$2:$B$33,0),1)& ", Invoice date: " & TEXT(INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Austin",$B$2:$B$33,0),3),"m/d/yy") | |

3154 | Atlanta | ="Dallas = "&INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Dallas",$B$2:$B$33,0),1)& ", Invoice date: " & TEXT(INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Dallas",$B$2:$B$33,0),3),"m/d/yy") | |

3191 | Atlanta | ="New Orleans = "&INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("New Orleans",$B$2:$B$33,0),1)& ", Invoice date: " & TEXT(INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("New Orleans",$B$2:$B$33,0),3),"m/d/yy") | |

3293 | Atlanta | ="Tampa = "&INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Tampa",$B$2:$B$33,0),1)& ", Invoice date: " & TEXT(INDEX($A$2:$C$33,MATCH("Tampa",$B$2:$B$33,0),3),"m/d/yy") |