Water is a liquid. Yet what is that made of? If us pass an electric present through water it splits right into two gases: hydrogen and oxygen.

You are watching: Is salt a compound or mixture

So what room hydrogen and oxygen make of? No matter how difficult we try, we can’t separation them up right into anything simpler. They space elements.

What is one element?Elements room substances (like hydrogen and also oxygen) the can’t be split into much easier substances.

A substance favor water, the is comprised of 2 or more elements, is called a compound.

What is a compound?Compounds room usually an extremely different from the aspects that have combined together to do them. Water, for example, is a liquid that we deserve to use to put out fires. Both oxygen and hydrogen room gases, and hydrogen easily records fire.Sodium and also chlorine do saltPicture 4.1 would you placed sodium and also chlorine on her chips?Photos of sodium and chlorinePicture 4.2 A lump of sodium and green chlorine gas in a gas jar.

Are compounds like their elements?The clinical name of usual salt is sodium chloride. It is one more compound. It is made up of the aspects sodium and also chlorine. Us often include sodium chloride to our food during cooking.

Sodium, through contrast, is a silvery solid the reacts violently through water. And chlorine is a green, poisonous gas. Clearly, once they sign up with to type the compound salt chloride, over there is a an essential change in the properties.

This is true of all compounds. Castle no longer have the nature of the facets that do them up. They have their very own properties.

Compounds and mixturesMixtures are various from compounds. They are still a bit like the materials that make them up.

For example, sodium chloride (salt) and water are both compounds. Castle mix together once salt dissolves in water to type salt solution. A equipment of salt in water is sometimes called brine. Salt solution is a mixture no a compound. That still has actually the fluid properties the water and the taste the salt. Us can relatively easily separate the salt and also water from every other.

It is much, lot more an overwhelming to un-combine the facets that comprise compounds.

top of pageQuestion 16Look at the table below. There are some statements and also some materials.

For every statement, decide whether it explains a mixture or a compound and also check the box.

For every material, decide whether the is a mixture or a compound of the materials shown in brackets. Then mite the box.

compoundmixtureIt keeps the properties of the materials that make it up.It is daunting to separate into the materials that make it up.

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There to be a chemical reaction once it to be formed.Salt (sodium and also chlorine)The air (oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide)Water (hydrogen and also oxygen)Rock salt (sand and salt)