element 30 of periodic table is Zinc v atomic number 30, atomic weight 65.409. Zinc, prize Zn, has a straightforward Hexagonal structure and SlateGray color. Zinc is a shift metal element. Trivial name of Zinc is volatile metals. Understand everything around Zinc Facts, physics Properties, chemical Properties, electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure.


Zinc, in commerce likewise spelter, is a chemical facet with symbol Zn and also atomic number 30. That is the an initial element of team 12 of the routine table. In part respects zinc is chemically similar to magnesium:its ion is of comparable size and also its only common oxidation state is +2.

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Zinc Facts

Read vital information and facts about element Zinc

surname Zinc
atomic Number 30
atom Symbol Zn
Atomic load 65.409
phase Solid
shade SlateGray
Classification transition metal
group in periodic Table 12
Group Name zinc family
duration in regular Table 4
Block in routine Table d-block
Electronic Configuration 3d10 4s2
Melting allude 419.53 °C
Boiling allude 907 °C
Electronic covering Structure <2, 8, 18, 2>
CAS Number CAS7440-66-6

How to situate Zinc on routine Table

Periodic table is arranged by atom number, variety of protons in the nucleus which is same as variety of electrons. The atomic number rises from left come right. Regular table beginning at top left ( atomic number 1) and ends in ~ bottom appropriate (atomic number 118). Because of this you can straight look for atomic number 30 to find Zinc on periodic table.

Another means to read regular table and also locate an aspect is through using team number (column) and period number (row). To locate Zinc on routine table look because that cross section of team 12 and duration 4 in the modern-day periodic table.

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Table that Contents

Physical Properties
Thermal Properties
Crystal Structure
Atomic & orbit Properties
Chemical Properties
Health and also Safety Parameters and also Guidelines
Compare Zinc with various other elements

Zinc History

The aspect Zinc was uncovered by India in year 1500 in Germany . Zinc acquired its surname from the German indigenous Zink

Zinc Presence: abundance in Nature and Around Us

The table below shows the abundance of Zinc in Universe, Sun, Meteorites, Earth"s Crust, Oceans and also Human Body.

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
abundance in universe 3e-07
abundance in sun 2e-06
variety in Meteorites 0.00018
Abundance in Earth"s late 7.8e-05
diversity in oceans 5×10-7%
variety in humans 3.3e-05

Crystal structure of Zinc

The hard state framework of Zinc is Simple Hexagonal.

The crystal structure have the right to be defined in regards to its unit Cell. The unit cells repeats itself in three dimensional space to kind the structure.

Unit cell Parameters

The unit cell is stood for in terms of its lattice parameters, which room the lengths of the cabinet edges Lattice Constants (a, b and c)

a b c
266.49 266.49 494.68 pm

and the angles between them Lattice angle (alpha, beta and also gamma).

alpha beta gamma
π/2 π/2 2 π/3

The location of the atoms inside the unit cabinet are explained by the collection of atomic positions ( xi, yi, zi) measured indigenous a recommendation lattice point.

The symmetry properties of the crystal are explained by the principle of an are groups. All possible symmetric kinds of corpuscle in three-dimensional space are described by the 230 an are groups (219 distinct types, or 230 if chiral copies are taken into consideration distinct.

an are Group surname P63/mmc
room Group Number 194
Crystal structure Simple Hexagonal

Zinc Atomic and also Orbital Properties

Zinc atoms have 30 electrons and the electronic shell structure is <2, 8, 18, 2> v Atomic hatchet Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0.

atomic Number 30
Number of electron (with no charge) 30
Number of Protons 30
Mass Number 65
Number that Neutrons 35
Shell framework (Electrons per energy level) <2, 8, 18, 2>
Electron construction 3d10 4s2
Valence Electrons 3d10 4s2
Oxidation State -2 1;2
Atomic term Symbol (Quantum Numbers) 1S0

Shell framework of Zinc - electrons per energy level


Ground State digital Configuration of Zinc - neutral Zinc atom

The floor state electronic configuration of Neutral Zinc atom is 3d10 4s2. The portion of Zinc configuration that is equivalent to the noble gas that the coming before period, is abbreviated as . Because that atoms with many electrons, this notation deserve to become prolonged and so an abbreviated notation is used.This is essential as it is the Valence electron 3d10 4s2, electrons in the outermost covering that determine the chemical properties the the element.

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Unabbreviated digital configuration of neutral Zinc

Complete floor state digital configuration because that the Zinc atom, Unabbreviated electronic configuration

1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 3d10 4s2

Atomic framework of Zinc

Zinc atom radius is 142 pm, when it"s covalent radius is 131 pm.

atomic Radius

142 pm (1.42 Å)

Atomic Volume 9.16092436975 cm3
Covalent Radius 131 afternoon (1.31 Å)
van der Waals Radius 139 pm
spirit Cross section 1.1 σa/barns

Atomic Spectrum that Zinc


Zinc chemistry Properties: Zinc Ionization Energies and electron affinity

The electron affinity the Zinc is 0 kJ/mol

Valence 2
Electronegativity 1.65
ElectronAffinity 0 kJ/mol

Ionization power of Zinc

Refer to table listed below for Ionization energies of Zinc

Ionization power number Enthalpy - kJ/mol
1 906.4
2 1733.3
3 3833
4 5731
5 7970
6 1.04×104
7 1.29×104
8 1.68×104
9 1.96×104
10 2.3×104
11 2.64×104
12 29990
13 40490
14 4.38×104
15 4.73×104
16 5.23×104
17 5.59×104
18 5.97×104
19 6.73×104
20 7.12×104
21 1.791×105

Zinc physical Properties

Refer to below table for Zinc physical Properties

thickness 7.14 g/cm3
Molar Volume 9.16092436975 cm3

Elastic Properties

Young Modulus 108 GPa
Shear Modulus 43 GPa
bulk Modulus 70 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.25

Hardness that Zinc - test to measure up of Hardness of Element

Mohs Hardness 2.5 MPa
Vickers Hardness N/A
Brinell Hardness 412 MPa

Zinc electrical Properties

Zinc is Conductor the electricity. Refer to table below for the electrical properties of Zinc

electrical Conductivity 1.7×107 S/m
Resistivity 5.9×10-8 m Ω
Superconducting suggest 0.85

Zinc Heat and also Conduction Properties

thermal Conductivity 120 W/(m K)
Thermal development 0.0000302 K-1

Zinc Magnetic Properties

Magnetic kind Diamagnetic
Curie point N/A
massive Magnetic Susceptibility -2.21×10-9
Molar Magnetic Susceptibility -1.45×10-10
Volume Magnetic Susceptibility -1.58e-05

Optical nature of Zinc

Refractive index 1.00205

Acoustic nature of Zinc

rate of Sound 3.7×103 m/s

Zinc heat Properties - Enthalpies and also thermodynamics

Refer come table below for heat properties that Zinc

Melting point 692.68 K (419.53 °C)
Boiling point 1180 K (907 °C)
an essential Temperature N/A
Superconducting point 0.85

Enthalpies the Zinc

heat of combination 7.35 kJ/mol
warm of Vaporization 119 kJ/mol
warm of combustion N/A

Zinc isotopes - nuclear Properties that Zinc

Isotopes that rhodium. Naturally occurring Zinc has 5 secure isotope - 64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.

Isotope Isotope fixed % variety T fifty percent Decay mode
64Zn 48.63% stable N/A
66Zn 27.9% secure N/A
67Zn 4.1% secure N/A
68Zn 18.75% steady N/A
70Zn 0.62% steady N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS Number CAS7440-66-6
RTECS Number RTECSZG8600000
period Hazard course 4.3
dot Numbers 1436
EU Number N/A
NFPA Fire Rating 0
NFPA hazards Water Reactive
NFPA wellness Rating 2
NFPA Reactivity Rating 0
Autoignition suggest 460 °C
Flashpoint N/A

Database Search

list of unique identifiers to search the aspect in assorted chemical it is registered databases

Database id number
CAS Number - chemical Abstracts organization (CAS) CAS7440-66-6
CID Number CID23994
Gmelin Number N/A
NSC Number N/A
RTECS Number RTECSZG8600000

Compare Zinc v all Group 12 elements

Zinc vs Cadmium Zinc vs Mercury Zinc vs Copernicium

Compare Zinc with all transition metal elements

Zinc vs Scandium Zinc vs Titanium Zinc vs Vanadium Zinc vs Chromium Zinc vs Manganese Zinc vs steel Zinc vs Cobalt Zinc vs Nickel Zinc vs Copper Zinc vs Yttrium Zinc vs Zirconium Zinc vs Niobium Zinc vs Molybdenum Zinc vs Technetium Zinc vs Ruthenium Zinc vs Rhodium Zinc vs Palladium Zinc vs silver- Zinc vs Cadmium Zinc vs Hafnium Zinc vs Tantalum Zinc vs Tungsten Zinc vs Rhenium Zinc vs Osmium Zinc vs Iridium Zinc vs Platinum Zinc vs gold Zinc vs Mercury Zinc vs Rutherfordium Zinc vs Dubnium Zinc vs Seaborgium Zinc vs Bohrium Zinc vs Hassium Zinc vs Meitnerium Zinc vs Darmstadtium Zinc vs Roentgenium Zinc vs Copernicium