The contents and activity in this topic will job-related towards building an understanding of exactly how salinity and also temperature differences affect the density and buoyancy the water layers in the ocean.

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## Density

Density is a measure up of exactly how much mass over there is in a provided volume or amount of space. The thickness of any kind of substance is calculated by separating the mass of the issue by the volume that the matter.

In Fig. 2.2, volume is represented by boxes and individual particles of issue are stood for by fancy shapes.

Box A has five spheres.Box B is the same size, and has the same volume together box A, yet box B has 10 spheres.Box C has actually the same mass as box A, with 5 spheres, but box C has a larger volume than boxes A and B.Box D has the same volume and variety of green spheres as part A, but also includes other types of matter than the remainder of the boxes—red circles and also blue cubes.

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If the quantity of issue is increased without an altering the volume, then the density increases (Fig. 2.2 A to 2.2 B). If volume increases without boost in mass, climate the density decreases (Fig. 2.2 A come 2.2 C). Including additional issue to the same volume additionally increases density, also if the matter added is a different form of matter (Fig. 2.2 A to 2.2 D).

## Salinity affects Density

When salt is dissolved in new water, the density of the water increases because the mass of the water increases. This is stood for by the addition of red spheres and blue cubes to package from Fig. 2.2 A come Fig. 2.2 D. Salinity defines how much salt is dissolved in a sample the water. The an ext salt there is liquified in the water, the higher its salinity. As soon as comparing 2 samples of water with the same volume, the water sample with greater salinity will certainly have higher mass, and it will as such be more dense.

## Temperature influence Density

The thickness of water can likewise be affected by temperature. Once the exact same amount of water is cook or cooled, its density changes. As soon as the water is heated, that expands, boosting in volume. This is represented by the increase in the dimension of the box from Fig. 2.2 A come 2.2 C. The warmer the water, the an ext space the takes up, and the lower its density. When comparing two samples of water with the exact same salinity, or mass, the water sample v the higher temperature will have actually a greater volume, and it will thus be much less dense.

## Relative Density

In Fig. 2.3, the beaker of liquid models a human body of water favor the s or a lake. The bag of liquid simulates a great of water. The relative density the the fluid in the bag compared to the liquid in the beaker have the right to be established by observing whether the bag sinks or floats.

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In Fig. 2.3 A, the bag rose to the top of the beaker and is now floating top top the surface. The yellow liquid and also the bag are less thick than the liquid in the beaker.In Fig. 2.3 B, the bag is floating in mid-water (subsurface floating). The orange liquid and the bag space equal in thickness to the fluid in the beaker.In Fig. 2.3 C, the bag sank to the bottom of the beaker. The environment-friendly liquid and also the bag are more dense 보다 the liquid in the beaker.