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You are watching: Which pair of elements would be expected to form an ionic bond

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ionic bond, likewise called electrovalent bond, form of linkage created from the electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions in a chemical compound. Such a bond forms when the valence (outermost) electron of one atom are transferred permanently to one more atom. The atom the loses the electrons i do not care a positively charged ion (cation), if the one that gains them i do not care a negatively charged ion (anion). A short treatment the ionic bond follows. For full treatment, see chemistry bonding: The formation of ionic bonds.

Ionic bonding results in compounds known as ionic, or electrovalent, compounds, i beg your pardon are ideal exemplified by the compounds formed between nonmetals and the alkali and alkaline-earth metals. In ionic crystalline solids that this kind, the electrostatic pressures of attraction in between opposite charges and also repulsion between similar charges orient the ion in such a manner the every positive ion becomes surrounded by negative ions and also vice versa. In short, the ions are so arranged the the hopeful and an unfavorable charges alternative and balance one another, the in its entirety charge the the entire substance gift zero. The size of the electrostatic pressures in ionic crystals is considerable. Accordingly, these substances tend to it is in hard and nonvolatile.

Sodium chloride exhibits ionic bonding. The sodium atom has a single electron in its outermost shell, if chlorine needs...

An ionic shortcut is in reality the extreme case of a polar covalent bond, the latter resulting native unequal share of electrons rather than finish electron transfer. Ionic bonds typically type when the distinction in the electronegativities of the two atoms is great, while covalent bonds form when the electronegativities space similar. Compare covalent bond.

See more: The Process Of Changing One Element Into A Different Element

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