The deteriorate of 1850 was comprised of five bills that attempted come resolve conflicts over enslavement in brand-new territories included to the United says in the wake of the Mexican-American battle (1846-48). The admitted California together a free state, left Utah and brand-new Mexico come decide because that themselves even if it is to be a servant state or a totally free state, identified a new Texas-New Mexico boundary, and made it easier for slaveowners to recover runways under the Fugitive servant Act of 1850. The deteriorate of 1850 was the mastermind the Whig senator Henry Clay and Democratic senator Stephan Douglas. Lingering resentment end its provisions added to the outbreak of the civil War.
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The Mexican-American War
The Mexican-American battle was a result of U.S. President James K. Polk’s id that it was America’s “manifest destiny” to spread across the continent come the Pacific Ocean. Complying with the U.S. Victory, Mexico lost around one-third the its territory including nearly every one of present-day California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona and new Mexico. A national dispute arose as to whether or not enslavement would be allowed in the new Western territories.
Who to be Responsible because that The weaken of 1850?
Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky, a top statesman and member the the Whig Party recognized as “The great Compromiser” for his job-related on the Missouri Compromise, to be the primary creator the the Missouri Compromise. Fearful of the cultivation divide in between North and South over the issue of slavery, he hoped to prevent civil war by enacting a compromise.
Famed orator and also Massachusetts councilor Daniel Webster, while protest to the expansion of slavery, also saw the deteriorate of 1850 together a means of averting nationwide discord, and disappointed his abolitionist supporters by siding through Clay.
When Clay, facing health problems, flourished too ill to controversy his case prior to the senate, his cause was taken increase by autonomous senator Stephen A. Douglas that Illinois, an ardent proponent of states’ rights when it involved deciding the concern of slavery.
John C. Calhoun, a former vice president-turned senator from south Carolina, search the development of slavery into brand-new territories, however in an 1850 decided to the Senate, wrote: “I have, senators, thought from the first that the agitation the the topic of enslavement would, if no prevented by part timely and effective measure, end in disunion.”
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When the full compromise failed come pass, Douglas break-up the omnibus bill right into individual bills, which permitted congressmen to either poll or abstain on each topic. The untimely death of president Zachary Taylor and ascendancy that pro-compromise Vice president Millard Fillmore come the White residence helped add to the passage of each bill. Calhoun died in 1850 and Clay and Webster 2 years later, making their duties in the weaken of 1850 among their critical acts together statesmen.
Main clues of The compromise of 1850
The weaken of 1850 was made up of 5 separate bills the made the complying with main points: