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Alexander the an excellent was so impressed by the Indian use of elephants in battle, the he instantly enlisted them right into his army. Elephants were an especially effective versus horses, i beg your pardon would often bolt away in fear at the existence of the enormous beasts.

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Was Alexander the good really great?

A great conqueror, in 13 short years that amassed the largest empire in the entire old world — an empire that covered 3,000 miles. And he go this without the benefit of contemporary technology and also weaponry. In his day, troop activities were primarily on foot, and also communications were confront to face. Not negative for a child who ended up being the King that Macedon at the age of 20.

Many the Alexander"s accomplishments were made possible by his father, Philip that Macedon. Macedon, i m sorry existed approximately where the modern-day country the Macedonia lies today, was a kingdom located that lay geographically north of the Greek city-states.

In 338 B.C.E., King Philip that Macedon invaded and conquered the Greek city-states. Philip took advantage of the reality that the Greek city-states were split by year of squabbling and infighting. Philip flourished in doing what years of fighting between city-states had not done. He joined Greece.


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Conquering the World

Philip"s next goal to be to loss Greece"s age-old foe to the east: Persia. For years, the substantial Persian empire threatened the very existence the the Greek way of life. But before he to be able to seek his 2nd goal, Philip to be assassinated.


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This map mirrors Alexander the Great"s huge empire and the course he took to conquer it.

When his son, Alexander, take it the throne in 336 B.C.E., the vowed to complete the plans of his father. In 334 B.C.E., Alexander invaded Persia, i m sorry lay across the Aegean Sea in Asia minor (modern-day Turkey).

After three grueling year of warfare and three decisive battles, Alexander smashed the Persian militaries at the Tigris River and also conquered the mighty Persian Empire, including the legendary city of Babylon. For plenty of Greeks, this victory marked a minute of sweet revenge versus a bitter foe.


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At this point, at the period of 25, Alexander rule an expansive empire. Nevertheless, his ambitions were not satisfied. If fighting the Persians, Alexander overcame Egypt and also founded a city in ~ the mouth the the Nile River. This city, which he called Alexandria after himself, became a cosmopolitan, diverse, bustling facility of trade, the arts, and ideas.

But Alexander was not done. He continued his campaign, driving furthermore east, until he reached India and also the Indus river in 326 B.C.E. At this point, his tired troops refuse to hit further. Castle told Alexander that a truly good leader knows as soon as it is time to prevent fighting.

Without the assistance of his army, Alexander had actually no selection but to turn ago and begin consolidating and also organizing his far-flung empire. On his means home, Alexander passed away from condition in 323 B.C.E.


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Though he was an unquestionably skilled and also highly respected military leader, Alexander the good was fear by those approximately him because that his paranoia and dangerous temper.

Alexander in Hindsight

Alexander the Great"s legacy is both far reaching and also profound. First, his father had the ability to unite the Greek city-states, and Alexander destroyed the Persian empire forever. More importantly, Alexander"s occupations spread Greek culture, likewise known as Hellenism, throughout his empire.

In fact, Alexander"s reign marked the beginning of a new era well-known as the Hellenistic Age since of the an effective influence that Greek society had on various other people. Without Alexander"s ambition, Greek principles and society might well have actually remained confined to Greece.

Many historians see Alexander the an excellent in a various light. Return Alexander to be both intelligent and also handsome, he additionally had a darker side. He possessed a ferocious temper and from time come time would arbitrarily murder close advisors and even friends. Also, towards the end of his countless campaigns, that senselessly slaughtered thousands whose just crime was being in his way.

Was Alexander the good really great?
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Alexander the Great"s Website
This website gives a riches of details on Alexander the Great. Essays, maps, timelines, and images abound. Find the save on computer by keyword, or browser the paragraphs to uncover what you"re feather for.

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Alexander the Great
Alexander the great knew Homer"s Iliad by heart and also slept through a copy of it under his pillow every night. He adopted the hero Achilles together his function model, that Alexander declared was an ancestor the his. This amazing fact about Alexander is only one of countless that friend will uncover on this considerable webpage, which contains tons the pictures and also links to associated websites.

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