The very first records of the word valentine in its modern-day sense come from the 1400s. Valentines and Valentine’s Day acquire their surname from feast work of Saint Valentine, yet there space at the very least two saints called Valentine, among whom ended up being a martyr approximately the year 270 CE. The surname Valentine comes from a Latin word an interpretation “strength.”

There are countless legends about it, but it’s ultimately unclear how Valentine’s work became connected with the tradition of trading the affectionate gifts and also love notes the we contact valentines.

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When did someone an initial choose a valentine?

Here’s what us know around what it way when you do someone your Valentine.

Choosing a sweetheart on this day dates to 14th-century English and French court circles. The original connection between Saint Valentine and also love is attributed to Geoffrey Chaucer, author of The Canterbury Tales. In the city “Parlement the Foules,” from circa 1381, he inspired lovers almost everywhere with this words, in which he connects the day to the widespread belief of the moment that February 14 to be the start of the adjustment season for birds:

“For this was on seynt Volantynys dayWhan euery bryd cometh there to chese his make.”

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Where walk the name Valentine come from?

Valentinus was a reasonably common name in the late roman inn Empire, and historical records point to numerous Christian martyrs named Valentinus. The earliest reference is come a saint hidden on February 14 outside of Via Flaminia, in Italy. Not much is known around this saint.

Ancient Rome was a difficult place to be a Christian. According to part accounts, Valentinus the Presbyter was thrown in prison under the preeminence of Claudius II because that officiating in ~ Christian weddings. Presbyter means “priest” or “elder,” a human being in management in the secret Christian community. When he remained in jail, Valentinus impression Emperor Claudius II by healing the blindness of a jailer’s daughter. At some point the emperor condemned Valentinus to death for make the efforts to transform him to Christianity, at which time he ended up being a martyr because that the church. In part versions that the story, Valentinus sent out a letter to the jailer’s daughter and also signed it “your Valentine.”

So, favor the Christian martyrs who risked it every for your faith, space you risking it every for love when you ask who to be her valentine? us don’t have a definitive answer, but it has actually a nice historical ring to it.

Celebrate your love of expertise by discovering even much more about the history and an interpretation behind words valentine here.

Where did the Valentine’s work heart shape come from?

The form of the heart is top of love, yet it barely resembles the organ in ours chests. Why is that?

Ancient coins from Cyrene, a city-state in the place of present-day Libya, present an impression of a silphium seed. The seeds of this plant, currently extinct, looks favor a modern-day heart. Silphium to be the facility of old Cyrene’s economy because it was prized for its medicinal qualities, which ranged from treating coughs come functioning as an natural contraceptive. It was widely supplied throughout the Mediterranean.

Silphium only flourished in the wild and also could not be cultivated. Much like the love it symbolizes, the plant withstood domestication and constraining it may have been the reason of that demise.

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Who’s Cupid?

Cupid was the roman god the love. Gradually, end time, that underwent photo makeover in the interests of commerce. According to Scientific American, the original Cupid was a sociopath, “a devil subjecting hapless civilization to a toxic lust.” Yikes. Shot to put that ~ above a card, marketing department. Eventually, he turned right into a fat little baby. In the 1800s, greeting-card manufacturers used images of cupids in the Renaissance style, latching on to what was well-known at the time and also celebrating a more innocent next of romance.