The Renaissance was a fervent duration of europe cultural, artistic, political and economic “rebirth” following the middle Ages. Generally explained as taking place from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of timeless philosophy, literature and also art. Several of the best thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and artists in human thrived during this era, while worldwide exploration opened up up new lands and also cultures to europe commerce. The Renaissance is credited with bridging the gap between the center Ages and modern-day civilization.

From Darkness come Light: The Renaissance starts

During the middle Ages, a period that took place between the fall of ancient Rome in 476 A.D. And also the start of the 14th century, europeans made couple of advances in science and art.

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Also recognized as the “Dark Ages,” the era is regularly branded as a time the war, ignorance, famine and also pandemics such together the black Death.

Some historians, however, think that together grim depictions that the Middle periods were greatly exaggerated, though many agree that there was fairly little regard for ancient Greek and Roman philosophies and learning at the time.

READ MORE: 6 factors the Dark periods Weren't so Dark


During the 14th century, a social movement referred to as humanism began to acquire momentum in Italy. Among its plenty of principles, humanism advocated the idea that male was the facility of his very own universe, and also people should take on human accomplishments in education, classic arts, literature and also science.

In 1450, the development of the Gutenberg to press press enabled for improved communication throughout Europe and also for ideas to spread an ext quickly.

As a result of this advancement in communication, little-known texts from early on humanist authors such together those through Francesco Petrarch and also Giovanni Boccaccio, which advocated the renewal of classic Greek and Roman society and values, to be printed and also distributed come the masses.

Additionally, countless scholars believe breakthroughs in international finance and trade impacted culture in Europe and collection the stage for the Renaissance.

Medici family

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy, a location with a rich cultural where well-off citizens can afford to assistance budding artists.

Members the the powerful Medici family, which rule Florence for much more than 60 years, were well known backers of the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others claimed that they to be participating in one intellectual and artistic revolution that would be much various from what lock experienced throughout the Dark Ages.

The movement very first expanded to various other Italian city-states, such as Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and also Rome. Then, throughout the 15th century, Renaissance ideas spread from Italy to France and then transparent western and also northern Europe.

Although other European countries experienced your Renaissance later than Italy, the results were quiet revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some the the most famous and groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and also writers include the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and architect whose an ext realistic depictions of human emotions affected generations of artists. Finest known for his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and scholar burned at the stake because that translating the bible into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer well-known for his advance of the English madrigal and also his spiritual organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and Science

Art, architecture and science were very closely linked throughout the Renaissance. In fact, it to be a distinctive time as soon as these fields of study fused with each other seamlessly.

For instance, artists choose da Vinci integrated scientific principles, such as anatomy right into their work, so they could recreate the human being body v extraordinary precision.

Architects such together Filippo Brunelleschi studied math to that s right engineer and also design immense buildings with expansive domes.

Scientific explorations led to significant shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes presented a brand-new view of astrology and also mathematics, when Copernicus proposed the the Sun, no the Earth, was the center of the solar system.

Renaissance art was identified by realism and naturalism. Artist strived come depict people and also objects in a true-to-life way.

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They used techniques, such as perspective, shadows and light to include depth to your work. Feel was one more quality the artists tried come infuse into their pieces.

Some of the most famous creative works that were developed during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The last Supper (Da Vinci)Statue that David (Michelangelo)The birth of Venus (Botticelli)The production of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance expedition

While plenty of artists and also thinkers provided their talent to express brand-new ideas, some Europeans required to the seas come learn much more about the world about them. In a duration known together the period of Discovery, several necessary explorations were made.

Voyagers launched explorations to take trip the entire globe. Castle discovered brand-new shipping routes to the Americas, India and the much East and explorers trekked across areas that weren’t fully mapped.

Famous journeys to be taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after whom America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and also other explorers.

READ MORE: The period of Exploration

Renaissance religion

Humanism motivated Europeans to inquiry the duty of the roman inn Catholic church during the Renaissance.

As much more people learned just how to read, write and interpret ideas, they began to closely examine and critique religion as castle knew it. Also, the to press press allowed for texts, including the Bible, come be quickly reproduced and widely review by the people, themselves, for the very first time.

In the 16th century, martin Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant improvement – a revolutionary movement that resulted in a separation in the Catholic church. Luther questioned plenty of of the techniques of the church and also whether they aligned v the teachings of the Bible.

As a result, a new type of Christianity, recognized as Protestantism, was created.

End the the Renaissance

Scholars think the demise of the Renaissance was the result of numerous compounding factors.

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By the end of the 15th century, numerous wars had actually plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and German intruders battling because that Italian territories brought about disruption and instability in the region.