Although The wonderful Wizard that Oz (1900) features Dorothy together the main character, she had no surname till the 3rd Oz book, Ozma the Oz (1907). Many readers associate Gale through the cyclone that swept Dorothy come Oz in the an initial place, but the publication in i beg your pardon she is called transports she to Oz via a maelstrom at sea: Dorothy and Uncle Henry are traveling to loved ones in Australia so the he can rest from every the difficult work he"s excellent on his Kansas farm. But Dorothy Gale and also a "gale" that wind make a reasonable association. Interestingly, when L. Candid Baum to be editor the the Aberdeen (Dakota Territory) Saturday Pioneer, he published long and frequent accounts of great Plains weather. In 1879 6 Gales of Irving, Kansas, were eliminated in a nationally famous double tornado. The Kansas state song, "Home top top the Range," widely adjusted to countless locations during the nineteenth century, beginning its 2nd verse through "Oh, provide me the gale, that the Solomon vale." probably Baum was merely echoing the lock of his mother-in-law, Maude Gage.

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However Dorothy came by she last name, she is a famous an excellent Plains citizen and a true westerner. She is one agent because that change: she kills 2 witches in Oz (one through a house, the other with water, simply as numerous pioneers supplied those tools to good effect top top the Plains), and also she substitutes benevolent rulers in their places. She is faithful to home and once in Oz determinedly sets her mind to returning to it. Nothing sways she resolve. She unites assorted people and also creatures in autonomous fashion, she"s an extremely practical, she"s conscientious and clean (mopping increase the "mess" of the melted angry Witch of the West), and she action calmly, without fear, regardless of her age. Finally, she to know life ~ above the Plains, explaining that her desire for a rapid return home comes from her presumption that Aunt Em will certainly think she"s dead and that the poor woman cannot afford mourning clothes if the plants are no far better than they were the year before.

In succeeding books, Baum tired of tragedies as vehicles to deliver Dorothy come Oz, and also she left the good Plains and also Kansas in 1910, in The Emerald City the Oz, to take up irreversible residence as component of Ozma"s court. L. Open minded Baum lasted just three year in the great Plains; Dorothy Gale it s long ten. With each other they provided the region one the its admirable citizens, someone v the heart, brains, and also courage to grow in a complicated environment.

See also literary TRADITIONS: Baum, open minded L..

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Averill, thomas Fox. "Oz and also Kansas Culture." Kansas History 12 (1989): 2–12.

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Greene, David L., and Dick Martin. The Oz Scrapbook. Brand-new York: random House, 1977.